Depression – Causes,symptoms,treatment

Depression is a condition whereby a person feels sad, loses interest to attend to daily activities and a person’s anger increases.

depression - causes,symptoms,treatment

This condition is very common in daily life due to different life pressures and if not checked it will affect a person’s ability to do work negatively.

This condition can affect adults, children or even adolescents and it can occur at any time and anywhere.


The actual cause according to the medical department, has not been established.

The factors that are likely to be the causes of depression are;

  • Genetic features – According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), this condition has been established to run in families. If one family member suffers from this, there is a very high likelihood another member will also suffer from it.
  • Environmental factors – Continuous exposure to violence, neglect, abuse or poverty can trigger a person to suffer from this condition
  • Drug abuse – Abusing drugs can cause a person to suffer from this condition
  • Early childhood trauma – Depending on which type of family set up a child was raised. Raising a child in a violent environment may trigger the onset of depression.
  • Brain structure – Differences in certain chemicals in the brain may contribute to this condition.
  • Medical conditions – Suffering from certain diseases may make a person feel depressed.


Symptoms of depression can be different in men, women, and children and they can also be mild or even severe.

Below are the common symptoms of depression in men,women and children;

Symptoms in men

  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Depression can lead to reduced sexual interest
  • Pain
  • Digestion problems
  • Insomnia
  • Restlessness
  • Excessive sleep
  • Lack of concentration
  • Difficulty in completing tasks
  • Lack of sexual performance
  • Excessive alcohol drinking
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Sadness
  • Hopelessness
  • Anxiousness
  • Irritability
  • Aggressiveness
  • Anger

Symptoms in women

  • Irritability
  • Headache
  • Increased cramps
  • Fatigue
  • Changes in appetite
  • Depression can lead to suicidal thoughts
  • Lack of interest in doing certain activities
  • Sadness
  • Anxiety
  • Hopelessness
  • Aches
  • Pain
  • Weight loss

Symptoms in children

  • A decline in school performance
  • Difficulty in sleeping or even sleeping too much
  • Loss of energy
  • Digestive problems
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Avoiding school
  • Avoiding friends
  • Crying
  • Sadness
  • Anger
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings


The common methods used in the treatment of depression are;

  • Medication – Doctors might prefer the use of antidepressants, antianxiety and antipsychotic medications to reduce the effects of depression. But taking medications have side effects which might include; nausea, constipation, diarrhea, low blood sugar, weight loss, rashes and can even cause sexual dysfunction. The use of antidepressants can also increase suicidal thoughts in some children or teenagers.
  • Psychotherapy – Psychotherapy can either be applied alone or be combined with medication. Talking to a therapist can reduce a person’s thoughts of suicide and even make them feel accepted.
  • Aerobic exercise This can help relieve mild depression
  • Quitting alcohol and drug abuse
  • Healthy lifestyle – This can include getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet and avoiding factors that can trigger depression.
  • Brain stimulation therapy
  • Natural supplements such as herbal medicine and taking supplements.

All this methods can be used for the treatment of depression.




This condition is very common and escaping it can be a bit tricky to many people. The best way to avoid this condition is by viewing everything positively. Take everything that happens to you or to your life positively and this will not be a condition to worry about.

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